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VILA  VICOSA OLD STREET by FilipaGrilo
VILA VICOSA OLD STREET
Vila Viçosa - Distrito de Évora / ALENTEJO - PORTUGAL


Vila Viçosa é uma bonita Vila Alentejana, sede de concelho, com uma rica história e um património invejável, sendo mesmo conhecida por “princesa do Alentejo”.

Desde cedo ocupada pelo homem, Vila Viçosa apresenta vestígios arqueológicos desde tempos pré-históricos, tendo sido ocupada pelos romanos e muçulmanos até ser conquistada em 1217, durante o reinado do rei D. Sancho II.
Foi em 1461 que Vila Viçosa viu enriquecido o seu território, ao passar a fazer parte do ducado de Bragança, e em 1502 inicia-se a construção do Paço Ducal de Vila Viçosa, o seu mais emblemático monumento.
Em 1910, com a Proclamação da República, Vila Viçosa caiu em franca decadência, devido ao objectivo dos republicanos em apagar todos os vestígios da monarquia, conseguindo contudo, já na década de 30, reerguer-se muito devido à exploração de uma das suas maiores riquezas: os Mármores, mas também ao início da indústria turística, abrindo-se o Paço Ducal com esse intuito.
De facto, Vila Viçosa é conhecida mesmo internacionalmente pela abundância de mármore na região, nomeadamente o rosa, extraído e explorado a partir de mais de 160 pedreiras.

Localizada numa das regiões mais férteis do Sul de Portugal, Vila Viçosa apresenta inúmeros monumentos de grande interesse.
Na sede do concelho abundam antigas igrejas, capelas, Ermidas e Conventos com destaque para a Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Conceição, ao qual se desconhece a época exacta da sua fundação, que alguns autores atribuem ao rei D. Fernando e outros ao primeiro donatário da vila, o condestável D. Nuno Álvares Pereira, aquém, igualmente, segundo a tradição, se diz ter oferecido a imagem da Virgem Padroeira, adquirida em Inglaterra. Desaparecido esse primeiro templete gótico no reinado de D. Sebastião, pela sua pequenez ou ruína, as obras do actual começaram no ano 1569,sob patrocínio da Ordem de Avis, de que era uma comenda.

À entrada da Vila, pelo Oeste (Borba) a atenção dos forasteiros volta-se para o monumento de maior prestígio, o grandioso Palácio Ducal, antiga residência dos Duques de Bragança desde os princípios do Século XVI, a sua construção iniciou-se em 1501-1502 (na ala Norte) e completou-se já no século XVIII. A fachada principal é toda revestida de mármores da região e inspira-se na arquitectura italiana renascentista, com três andares, a cada um deles correspondendo, desde o rés-do-chão ao piso superior, uma das ordens clássicas: dórica, jónica e coríntia.

Ao continuarmos a nossa caminhada pela viçosa Vila, através da Avenida Duques de Bragança, deparamo-nos com o castelo medieval, que remonta à época da Reconquista cristã da península, quando da afirmação da nacionalidade portuguesa, a região foi dominada a partir da conquista de Alcácer do Sal (1217).

Embora não se possa afirmar se uma primitiva povoação foi abandonada e recuperada, ou se o seu povoamento cristão foi tardio, sabemos que vila Viçosa recebeu de D. Afonso III (1248-1279) a sua Carta de Foral, passada em 5 de Junho de 1270. Datará, dessa época, o início da construção de seu castelo, a que seu filho e sucessor, D. Dinis (1279-1325), dará um efeito impulso, terminando a sua edificação e fazendo erguer a cerca da vila.

No coração da Vila fica a Praça da República, rodeada de elegantes edifícios, como o da Câmara Municipal, onde se pode visitar e consultar a Biblioteca de livros antigos (sécs. XV a XIX), o importante arquivo Histórico da Câmara Municipal, que integra também o da Misericórdia, constituído por cerca de 2000 livros, códices, maços e documentos avulsos datados desde o séc. XV até ao séc. XIX.

A oferta museológica é também variada, com destaque para o Museu do Mármore, o dos Coches, o de Arqueologia e o de Arte Sacra, não esquecendo o Museu da Caça, que tanto se adequa a estas paragens, com a sua Tapada Real, o antigo couto de caça dos duques com um perímetro de 18 quilómetros, de grande beleza.


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GOOGLE TRANSLATOR


Vila Viçosa is a beautiful Alentejo village, the county seat, with a rich history and an enviable heritage and is even known as the "Princess of the Alentejo."

Occupied by early man, Vila Viçosa in archaeological remains from prehistoric times, having been occupied by the Romans and Muslims until conquered in 1217, during the reign of King Sancho II.
It was in 1461 that saw Vila Viçosa enriched their territory to become part of the Duchy of Bragança, and in 1502 starts the construction of the Ducal Palace of Vila Viçosa, its most emblematic monument.
In 1910, with the proclamation of the Republic, Vila Viçosa fell in frank decay, due to the objective of the Republicans to erase all traces of the monarchy, yet still, already in the 30s, rebuild it much due to the exploitation of one of its greatest wealth: the marbles, but also the beginning of the tourist industry, opening the Ducal Palace with this order.
In fact, Vila Viçosa is known internationally for the same abundance of marble in the region, including pink, explored and extracted from over 160 quarries.

Located in one of the most fertile regions of southern Portugal, Vila Viçosa presents numerous monuments of great interest. In the county seat abound ancient churches, chapels, hermitages and convents especially the Church of Nossa Senhora da Conceição, which is not known the exact time of its foundation, which some authors attribute to King Ferdinando and the other to the first donee village, the constable Dom Nuno Alvares Pereira, short, also, according to tradition, is said to have offered the image of the Virgin Patron, acquired in England. Missing this first Gothic pavilion in the reign of King Sebastião, for its smallness or ruin, the works started in the current year 1569, under the auspices of the Order of Avis, that was a commendation.
At the entrance of the Village, the West (Borba) the attention of outsiders back to the most prestigious monument, the grand Ducal Palace, former residence of the Dukes of Bragança since the early sixteenth century, its construction began in 1501 -1502 (the North wing) and was completed already in the eighteenth century. The main facade is coated with marbles in the region and is inspired by the Italian Renaissance architecture, with three floors, each one corresponding, from the ground floor to the upper floor, one of the classical orders: Doric, Ionic and Corinthian .

As we continue our walk through the lush Villa by Avenue Dukes of Bragança, we find the medieval castle, which dates back to the time of the Christian reconquest of the peninsula, when the statement of the Portuguese nation, the region was dominated from the conquest of Alcacer do Sal (1217).

Although we can not be a primitive settlement was abandoned and recovered, or if your Christian stand was late, we know that the village received Viçosa D. Afonso III (1248-1279) its a charter, passed on 5 June 1270 will date from this time, the start of construction of its castle, to which his son and successor, King Dinis (1279-1325), will give a boost effect, ending his erect the building and doing about the village.

At the heart of the Village is the Republic Square, surrounded by elegant buildings such as the Town Hall, where you can visit and consult the library of old books (secs. XV-XIX), the important history file of City Hall, which integrates also of Mercy, consisting of about 2000 books, codices, bundles and loose papers dating from the sixth century. Until the fifteenth century. XIX.

The museum is also offering varied, highlighting the Marble Museum, the Coach, the Archaeological and Sacred Art, not forgetting the Hunt Museum, which both fits to these shores, with its Royal Hunting, the former royal hunting grounds of the Dukes with a perimeter of 18 kilometers, of great beauty.

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FilipaGrilo
Filipa Grilo
Portugal
My Shadow in the Window



WELCOME & BECOMING A MEMBER :iconoldarchitecturelover:


THIS GROUP IS FOR EVERYBODY WHO LOVES OLD ARCHITECTURE...OLD OBJECTS...OLD TRANSPORTS... AND WANT TO SHOW THEIRS BEST WORKS


PLEASE BE SURE TO THOROUGHLY READ THE ALL RULES AND SEE THE PICTURES OF FOLDERS OF THE GALLERY BEFORE JOINING AND/OR SUBMIT PICTURES ON THE GROUP.



:clap: ALL WEEKS MAKE FEATURES, SEE THE NEXT :love:



GROUP FOCUSES ON FEATURE CLOSE-UPS OF:


:bulletblack: ANCIENT CITIES AND TOWNS
:bulletblack: CASTLES, PALACES, TOWERS...
:bulletblack: MONUMENTS OF RELIGIOUS CULT
:bulletblack: RUINS OF MONUMENTS
:bulletblack: OLD HOUSES AND BARNS...
:bulletblack: OTHER OLD BUILDINGS
:bulletblack: OLD STREETS
:bulletblack: OLD DOORS.....OLD WINDOWS....
:bulletblack: OLD MOSAICS... STAINED GLASS...
:bulletblack: OLD STATUES AND GRAVES l
:bulletblack: EXTERIOR
:bulletblack: INTERIOR
:bulletblack: OLD DETAILS INTERIOR
:bulletblack: OLD DETAILS EXTERIOR
:bulletblack: LIGHTHOUSES...MILLS...BRIDGES...AQUEDUCTS



AND EXTRA FOLDERS
:bulletblack: OLD CITYSCAPES
:bulletblack: OLD OBJECTS
:bulletblack: OLD TRANSPORTS
:bulletblack: OLD STYLE
:bulletblack: OLD AND NEW ARCHITECTURE
:bulletblack: OLD ARCHITECTURE AT NIGHT
:bulletblack: OLD PAINTINGS...
:bulletblack: TRADITIONAL ART


:bulletblue: Be sure to thoroughly read the rules before joining or/and submit pictures

:bulletblue: Respect the subject of the group and the different folders of the gallery.
(If the picture, drawing or painting not represente the subject of the group will be not choose)

:bulletblue: Respect all the pictures, drawings or paintings presented within the group, as well as members, watchers and contributors of the group

:bulletblue: Do not steal other artists work, use it against their permission or breach copyright in any other way.




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Please before joining the group read well the Rules for I requested pictures.



:sherlock: ONLY REQUEST YOUR BEST WORKS
and Remember OLD Architecture IS THE QUEEN OF THIS GROUP, not people, cars...sky,clouds...grass...landscapes ....or new architecture




:police: NOT BE REQUESTED:


. Photographs with Watermark, unless the watermark don't interfer in the vision of the details;

. Photographs in which the old architecture is not very visible, whatever the reason: very dark,....picture in small size ...taken very far...;

. Snapshots or poor quality photos (All pictures submitted to the gallery must be clear, have a good focus and be with good quality);

. Photographs with people, cars, new architecure etc..

. Landscapes or waterscapes,unless the old architecture is very visible

. Pictures with cut monuments at the bottom or top. only pictures with entire monument (above and below) or show only some detail.



:bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred::bulletred:


:police: RULES FOR THE FEATURES - MADE BY MEMBERS


ALL WEEKS MEMBERS CAN SEND ME 6 PICTURES FOR THE FEATURE :iconoldarchitecturelover:

- Members can send me 6 Thumbs of 6 pictures from her own gallery;
- The 6 THUMBS of the pictures must be send by "ONLY ONE" NOTE WITH YOUR icon

EXEMPLE

: iconFilipaGrilo : and : thumb265826684 : X 6 THUMBS (WITH THE SPACES)




If a specific folder is missing, please let me know.


Thank you for respect and understand these rules and enjoy yourselves at the group!


As the group will grow, the rules might be altered… please read the journals so you can be informed…


:bow: Thank you so much dears "OldArchitectureLover" Members for your contributions... :handshake:


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Current Residence: Lisboa
Favourite genre of music: Fado,Hard Rock, Metal, Death, Black, Folk, Trash, Gothic,
Favourite style of art: Música, Dança, Pintura e Fotografia
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:iconricky4:
ricky4 Featured By Owner 1 day ago
Commission for greenafire - Plz account :iconfav3dplz::iconblakelord:
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Thank you very much for the fav! =D
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Thank you 4 the Watch!!
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Thank you for watching!:)
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Thanks so much for faving -
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Ingeline-art cologne ;-)))):Lotus: - NaNoEmo 
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